- menorah . There must have been a community under Arab rule (870–1090) and in 1240 there were 25 Jewish families there and eight in the neighboring island of Gozo. During the Middle Ages the two islands were part of the Kingdom of Sicily, and a great deal is known of their history from materials preserved in the Sicilian archives. The communities came to an end with the expulsion of the Jews from Sicily in 1492. From 1530 to 1798 the islands were ruled by the Knights of St. John, who in the course of their forays against the Muslims captured and brought back to Malta large numbers of Jewish prisoners. The Societies for Redeeming the captives (Ḥevrot Pidyon Shevuyim) in Venice and elsewhere were mainly engaged in raising funds for ransoming the Jewish prisoners in Malta, where the Venetian society kept a permanent Christian agent. Under the latter's auspices, the Jewish slaves were able to maintain a synagogue for worship, and there was also a cemetery. A regular community, mainly deriving from North Africa, began to develop during the last days of the rule of the Knights and under British rule (from 1800). In 1804 the blood libel raised against the handful of Jews was firmly suppressed by the English poet S.T. Coleridge, then colonial secretary on the island. The community remained small, numbering 16 families in 1968 and 60 Jews in the mid-1990s. A synagogue was opened in Valetta in 1984. (Cecil Roth) -Relations with Israel Israel established friendly relations and cooperation with Malta even before the latter achieved independence in 1964. In the late 1950s the leader of the Maltese Labor Party, Dom Mintoff, tried to mediate between Israel and Egypt, albeit unsuccessfully. In 1966 an Israel embassy was established with a resident chargé d'affaires, while Israel's ambassador in Rome also serves as nonresident ambassador to Malta. Israel experts assisted in the development of dairy, poultry, and afforestation projects. Trade with Malta has been modest. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Roth, The Jews of Malta (1931; = offprint from JHSET, 12 (1928–31), 187–251); S. Assaf, Be-Oholei Ya'akov (1943), 107–15; Roth, Mag Bibl, 113; idem, Personalities and Events (1961), 112–35.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Malta — • The group of Maltese islands, including Malta, Gozo, Comine and a few inconsiderable islets, lies 58 miles south of Sicily and about 180 miles S.E. by E. of Cape Bon in Tunisia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Malta Malta … Catholic encyclopedia
Malta — Malta, MT U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 2120 Housing Units (2000): 1067 Land area (2000): 1.056791 sq. miles (2.737075 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.056791 sq. miles (2.737075 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
malta — s. f. 1. Reunião de gente de baixa condição. = ESCÓRIA, RALÉ, RANCHO 2. Grupo de trabalhadores agrícolas que se desloca, temporariamente, à procura de trabalho. = MALTESARIA, MALTESIA 3. Grupo de pessoas de má índole ou desordeiras. = BANDO,… … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Malta — Malta, brit. Insel im Mittelländischen Meer (s. Karte »Mittelmeerländer«), ungefähr 100 km vom sizilischen Kap Passaro und 325 km von Tripolis in Afrika entfernt, liegt mit den kleinern Inseln Gozo, Comino und Cominotto zwischen 35°49 –36°5 nördl … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Malta — n. 1. A country on the island of Malta. [WordNet 1.5] 2. An island south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Malta — Malta. Das Felseneiland des mittell. Meeres, berühmt durch jene Ritter, welche oft siegreich ihr Heldenpanier zur Ehre des Krieges gegen die Ungläubigen trugen, glorreich durch die tapfere Gegenwehr seiner Bewohner, ihre kühnen Seefahrten – noch… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Malta, ID — U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 177 Housing Units (2000): 75 Land area (2000): 1.421887 sq. miles (3.682670 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.421887 sq. miles (3.682670 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Malta, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 969 Housing Units (2000): 389 Land area (2000): 0.375004 sq. miles (0.971255 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.375004 sq. miles (0.971255 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Malta, MT — U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 2120 Housing Units (2000): 1067 Land area (2000): 1.056791 sq. miles (2.737075 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.056791 sq. miles (2.737075 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Malta, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 696 Housing Units (2000): 318 Land area (2000): 0.310566 sq. miles (0.804362 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.031503 sq. miles (0.081592 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.342069 sq. miles (0.885954 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places